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Primary Immunodeficiency (PID)

According to the leading experts in immunology, when part of the immune system is either absent or not functioning properly, it can result in an immune deficiency. When the cause of this deficiency is hereditary or genetic, it is called a primary immunodeficiency (PID). Researchers have identified more than 150 different kinds of primary immunodeficiencies and they are continuing to identify new ones. If the immune system is unable to function properly due to other factors (chemotherapy, HIV, immune suppressant medications, etc.), the condition is called secondary immunodeficiency disease. Some primary immunodeficiencies can mimic other conditions including poorly controlled allergies, asthma, or eczema and vice versa, so evaluation by an allergist is extremely helpful for reaching a diagnosis and developing an effective treatment strategy.

What is Immunodeficiency?

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Important signs and symptoms that may indicate a PID include:

  • Recurrent, unusual, or difficult to treat infections
  • Poor growth or loss of weight
  • Recurrent pneumonia, ear infections, or sinusitis
  • Multiple courses of antibiotics or IV antibiotics necessary to clear infections
  • Recurrent deep abscesses of the organs or skin
  • A family history of PID
  • Swollen lymph glands or an enlarged spleen

Schedule an Appointment

 If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of PID, make an appointment with one of Charleston Allergy and Asthma’s immunology specialists.

Request an Appointment